Bedwetting or enuresis is one of the more common behavioral problems with small children. Bedwetting occurs when a child, instead of waking up and going to the toilet, or just ‘holding it’; releases urine when the bladder gets full during sleep. There are a lot of reasons for it – deep sleep, a small bladder capacity, an increased production of urine during night and constipation. Sometimes, even sensitivity towards certain foods can contribute towards enuresis. Studies indicate that children who suffer from enuresis fail to register the connection between the urge to urinate and the need to wake up and go the bathroom. It is as if their brain was differently ‘wired’ and this basic behavior pattern is absent from their mental make-up. Bedwetting is common. It happens every night in children everywhere around the world. It even happens in teenagers and adults.
Bedwetting is common up to the age of eight, with most bed wetter growing up to become normal healthy adults. All children who wet the bed after age five should be evaluated by their pediatricians. They should have their urines checked for infection and perhaps a kidney x-ray to see if there is any abnormality in their urinary system. Most of the time, no cause is found. Bed wetter does not have more emotional or behavioral problems.
Causes of Bedwetting:
Genetic factors (it tends to run in families)
Urinary tract infections
Abnormalities in the spinal cord
Difficulties waking up from sleep
Abnormalities in the urethral valves in boys or in the urethra in girls or boys
Inability to hold urine for a long time because of small bladder
Hormonal factors (not enough ant diuretic hormone–this hormone reduces the amount of urine made by the kidneys)
The safest bet for any parent of a child suffering from enuresis is a bedwetting alarm. This kind of an alarm has a sensory disc, which can be attached to the child’s underwear, which in turn is connected to a device, which sounds an alarm immediately when the disc registers moisture. The theory is that if you are successful in waking up the child as soon as he feels the urge to urinate, you can train him to go to the bathroom immediately. The child’s brain registers the connection between these two acts and learns this behavior. Eventually the child will learn to get up without the need for an alarm and bedwetting would stop. When a child regresses into a bed-wetting habit and no physical problems are to blame, he may be dealing with stressful issues. Secondary bedwetting problems may indicate that there is an emotional component to the problem. This can be reached through the subconscious mind.
Poor toileting habits during the day can lead to wetting problems at night. The child can be reprogrammed to recognize his urges to urinate and take the proper steps to relief. The subconscious programming can help the individual listen to her body and follow through appropriately.
Bedwetting eventually stops. You can think of it as a phase. So in most cases, if your child wets their bed, it will go away. It’s normal and it happens to a lot of children. There isn’t a problem with your child. Studies show that 15% of children who wet their beds stop eventually within a year without any sort of treatment; however it’s always a good idea regardless to consult a physician.